Puppy training

Puppy Training 101: Setting the Foundation for a Well-Behaved Companion

Welcome to Puppy Training 101, where we’ll dive into the essential steps to set the foundation for a well-behaved companion. Are you ready to embark on this exciting journey with your furry friend? Let’s get started!

Why is Puppy Training Important?

Puppy training is crucial for several reasons. Not only does it help ensure your pup’s safety and well-being, but it also strengthens the bond between you and your four-legged companion. Training teaches your puppy how to behave appropriately in different situations, setting them up for success in the future.

Understanding Your Puppy’s Behavior

Before we delve into the training techniques, let’s take a moment to understand your puppy’s behavior. Remember, they’re like little sponges, soaking up everything around them. It’s important to be patient and consistent throughout the training process.

The Power of Positive Reinforcement

When it comes to training, positive reinforcement is key. This means rewarding your puppy for good behavior rather than focusing on punishment for mistakes. Positive reinforcement creates a positive association with training, making it more enjoyable for both you and your pup.

Basic Training Commands

Now, let’s move on to the basic training commands that will lay the groundwork for your puppy’s behavior. Remember to keep training sessions short and fun, and always end on a positive note.


Teaching your puppy to sit is one of the first commands you should introduce. Here’s how to do it:

  1. Hold a treat close to your puppy’s nose, causing them to follow it with their eyes.
  2. Slowly raise the treat above their head, causing their bottom to naturally lower into a sitting position.
  3. As soon as their bottom touches the ground, say “sit” and give them the treat.


The “stay” command is essential for keeping your puppy safe in various situations. Follow these steps to teach them how to stay:

  1. Ask your puppy to sit.
  2. Extend your hand, palm facing them, and say “stay” in a firm but gentle tone.
  3. Take a step back and wait for a few seconds. If they stay in place, reward them with a treat and praise.


The “come” command is vital for recall and ensuring your puppy returns to you when called. Here’s how to teach your puppy to come:

  1. Get down to your puppy’s level and say their name followed by “come” in an enthusiastic tone.
  2. Gently pat your thighs or use a treat to encourage them to come towards you.
  3. When they reach you, reward them with praise and a treat.

Potty Training

Potty training is an essential aspect of puppy training. Be prepared for accidents, as it’s a natural part of the learning process. Here are some tips to help you through the potty training journey:

  1. Establish a routine for bathroom breaks, including after meals, naps, and playtime.
  2. Take your puppy to the designated potty area and use a command like “go potty” to associate the action with the command.
  3. When your puppy successfully eliminates in the correct area, reward them with praise and a treat.

Troubleshooting Common Challenges

During the training process, you may encounter some challenges. Remember, consistency and patience are key. Here are a few common challenges and how to tackle them:

Biting and Chewing

Puppies explore the world with their mouths, which can lead to biting and chewing. Redirect their attention to appropriate toys and provide plenty of chew toys to satisfy their teething needs.


To discourage jumping, ignore the behavior and only give attention when your puppy has all four paws on the ground. Reward them for calm behavior and teach them alternative greetings, such as sitting.


Congratulations on taking the first step towards a well-behaved companion! Training your puppy is an investment of time and effort that will pay off in the long run. Remember to keep training sessions positive and fun, and celebrate each milestone along the way. Happy training!

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